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制约生物质发电发展的主要因素?

时间:2020-01-02
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  充分利用我国丰富的可再生生物质资源,发展生物质发电,建设资源节约型、环境友好型、生态可循环利用型社会经济,对我国具有重要意义。相信在国家清洁新能源政策和国家新能源发展规划的指导下,随着社会的不断关注和资金、技术、人才的不断投入,生物质发电行业将会稳定健康的发展壮大。
  It is of great significance for China to make full use of its abundant renewable biomass resources, develop biomass power generation, and build a resource-saving, environment-friendly and ecologically recyclable social economy. It is believed that under the guidance of national clean new energy policy and national new energy development plan, with the continuous attention of the society and the continuous investment of funds, technology and talents, the biomass power generation industry will grow steadily and healthily.
  制约生物质发电发展的主要因素
  Main factors restricting the development of biomass power generation
  1. 是燃料的成本。生物质发电的燃料成本较高,约占发电总成本的三分之二。根据补贴后0.75元的上网电价,燃料采购价格的盈亏平衡点在300元/吨左右,燃料采购价格受市场变化影响较大,容易造成生物质发电企业的亏损。
  1. It is the cost of fuel. The fuel cost of biomass power generation is relatively high, accounting for about two-thirds of the total cost of power generation. According to the feed in price of 0.75 yuan after subsidy, the break even point of fuel purchase price is about 300 yuan / ton. The fuel purchase price is greatly affected by market changes, which is easy to cause losses of biomass power generation enterprises.
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  2. 过度竞争。生物质发电受燃料供应和运输成本的影响,具有很强的地域性。一旦在辐射范围内发生局部保护性重复投资或原料恶性竞争,生物质发电企业将难以维持。近年来,全国各地的生物质发电项目的建设热潮的兴起,紧随其后的现象,项目分布过于密集,埋恶性竞争的隐患,紧急国家和地方政府良好的规划,平衡竞争和保护之间的关系。
  2. Excessive competition. Biomass power generation is affected by fuel supply and transportation costs, and has a strong regional character. Once in the radiation range of local protective repeated investment or raw material vicious competition, biomass power generation enterprises will be difficult to maintain. In recent years, the construction upsurge of biomass power generation projects all over the country, followed by the phenomenon that the distribution of projects is too dense, hidden dangers of vicious competition, emergency national and local government good planning, balance the relationship between competition and protection.
  3.技术研发。我国在煤电技术核心设备发展方面取得了巨大成就,主要核心设备已经能够实现自主开发和自主生产。然而,与西方发达国家相比,生物质发电技术还存在许多差距,尤其是在生物质燃料收集、运输、加工、储存等特殊辅助机械配套方面差距更为明显,仍需迎头赶上。
  3. Technology research and development. China has made great achievements in the development of core equipment of coal power technology, and the main core equipment has been able to realize independent development and production. However, compared with the western developed countries, there are still many gaps in biomass power generation technology, especially in biomass fuel collection, transportation, processing, storage and other special auxiliary machinery, which still need to catch up.