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生物脱硫法的前途分析!

时间:2020-11-18
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在自然条件下,石油炼厂的废水、焦油污染的土壤里的硫化合物,其中的一部分会退化,这是因为自然界中细茵存在的因素。菌类脱硫(MDS)是在温和的条件下,利用细茵的排谢过程适用于油脱硫,在化学过程中,脱硫剂可以再回收或自身补充。脱硫操作,有机硫分子排谢仍以烃类为碳源,而不是选择性或特异性硫的排谢,有机硫化合物的非水溶性为水溶性,随后从石油中被分离出来,但有价値的碳氩化合物也部分丧失。MDS如有机硫化合物的硫醇,硫化物和其他小分子量越有效。对于带有碗杂环的芳香族化合物,据报导迄今只有少数几个菌株能够将其排谢为水溶性的化合物,如假单胞菌和palcaligens气味温和,这限制了菌类脱硫的商业价值。
Under natural conditions, some of the sulfur compounds in the oil refinery wastewater and tar contaminated soil will be degraded because of the presence of bacteria in nature. Fungus desulfurization (MDS) is a kind of metabolic process using bacteria under mild conditions, which is suitable for oil desulfurization. In chemical process, desulfurizer can be recycled or replenished by itself. In the desulfurization operation, hydrocarbon is still the carbon source of organic sulfur molecules, rather than selective or specific sulfur excretion. The water-soluble organic sulfur compounds are water-soluble, and then separated from petroleum, but some valuable carbon argon compounds are also lost. MDS such as organic sulfur compounds with mercaptans, sulfides and other small molecular weights are more effective. For aromatic compounds with bowl heterocycles, it has been reported that only a few strains have been able to excrete them into water-soluble compounds, such as Pseudomonas and palcaligens, with mild odor, which limits the commercial value of fungus desulfurization.
在菌类脱硫方法的基础上,90年代国外迅速发展起来了石油的生物脱硫( Bio De Sulfurization,BDS)技术。BDS技术是通过微生物的酶催化产生特定的C-S裂解反应,释放可溶性硫,碳氬化合物的酶催化反应,不损害石油烃链的基本骨架。BDS和加氢脱硫相比、具有以下优点:
On the basis of bacteria desulfurization method, bio de sulfurization (BDS) technology for petroleum was developed rapidly abroad in 1990s. BDS technology is a specific C-S cracking reaction, which releases soluble sulfur and carbon argon compounds by enzyme catalysis of microorganisms, without damaging the basic skeleton of petroleum hydrocarbon chain. Compared with hydrodesulfurization, BDS has the following advantages:
               生物脱硫    
1、可以在较低的温度和低的压力操作;
1. It can operate at low temperature and low pressure;
2、成本低,生物脱硫比HDS具有投资少,10~15%运行成本低50%;
2. Compared with HDS, biological desulfurization has less investment and 50% lower operating cost of 10 ~ 15%;
3、灵活性好,可以处理各种油,如石油,汽油,中间锦分油,催化裂化汽油,残渣燃料油;
3. Good flexibility, can handle all kinds of oil, such as petroleum, gasoline, intermediate gasoline, FCC gasoline, residual fuel oil;
4、不需要气,节约能源,减少二氧化碳的排放量,有益于环境保护;
4. No need of gas, saving energy, reducing carbon dioxide emissions, beneficial to environmental protection;
5、对硫化合物的加氢脱硫装置有效的除去是很难处理的,这是HDS传统脱硫技术较难解决。因此,生物脱硫法是很有前途的。
5. It is very difficult to remove sulfur compounds effectively in HDS unit, which is more difficult to solve with traditional HDS desulfurization technology. Therefore, the biological desulfurization method is very promising.